“Yoga is an ancient discipline designed to bring balance and health to the physical, mental, emotional and spiritual dimensions of the individual. "
In Indian beliefs, yoga (from the Sanskrit word meaning etme annihilation ”or“ unification:): araç means or techniques for transforming consciousness, reaching freedom and rebirth ”.
Today, the popular interpretation of yoga is based on programs that include physical exercise (asana) and breathing exercises (pranayama).
Yoga and Pranayama: Scientific Studies on Health Effects
Many people today practice yoga for health benefits without consciously adopting the Hindu perspectives that underlie the practice and often become evident in later stages of teaching. Hatha yoga focuses on exercise exercises, various postures and breathing techniques. An increasing number of research evidence suggests that some yoga techniques can improve physical and mental health through reduced regulation of hypothalamic pituitary adrenal (HPA) axis and sympathetic nervous system activities.
Stress and stress-related diseases (such as hypertension, angina) are rapidly growing epidemics in the “modern” society. Integrative yoga science is the best way to control and prevent stress and stress-related disorders. Many studies have shown that yoga has an immediate regulating effect on the stress response of both HPA axes. The effectiveness of yoga against stress management is accepted. It was also found that yoga-based short relaxation training normalized the function of the autonomic nervous system by reducing both sympathetic and parasympathetic indices to reference values considered “normal.. Studies have shown that yoga reduces cortisol release, blood sugar levels, as well as plasma renin and 24-hour urea epinephrine-norepinephrine levels. Yoga significantly reduces heart rate and systolic-diastolic blood pressures. These studies show that yoga has an immediate calming effect on the stress response of the HPA axis. Although the exact mechanism of action has not been established, some yoga exercises are presumed to cause parasympathetic nervous system activation, probably through direct vagal stimulation. Shapiro et al. noted that after 8 weeks of yoga training in depressed patients, significant reductions in low-frequency heart rate variability (a sign of sympathetic nervous system activation) were noted. Regardless of the pathophysiological pathway, yoga has been shown to have direct psychological effects: reducing anxiety and increasing feelings of emotional, social, and spiritual well-being. Various literature reviews have been conducted to examine the effect of yoga on specific health conditions such as cardiovascular diseases, metabolic syndrome, diabetes, cancer, and anxiety.
Benefits of Yoga for Amputee Individuals
Yoga; It is a healing practice that makes life better for amputees, especially when dealing with the control of the prosthesis used, body image perception, pain, freedom of movement and other effects of limb loss.
In fact, many amputees experience yoga without even knowing it. When an amputee learns to walk or hold a glass, he is very ready for the task at hand and slows his breath to focus, creating motor and mental control despite the fear of falling or the fear of dropping the object in his hand. This action is meditation. As time goes by, this “moment awareness” becomes natural and intensifies with an ongoing yoga practice.